George Washington

1st President of the United States
(April 30, 1789 to March 3, 1797)

Nickname: "Father of His Country"

Born: February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia
Died: December 14, 1799, at Mount Vernon, Virginia

Father: Augustine Washington
Mother: Mary Ball Washington
Married: Martha Dandridge Custis (1732-1802), on January 6, 1759
Children: John "Jack" Parke Custis (adopted) and Martha "Patsy" Custis (adopted)

Religion: Episcopalian
Education: No formal education
Occupation: Planter, Soldier
Political Party: Federalist
Other Government Positions:

Presidential Salary: $25,000/year (refused by Washington)

Presidential Election Results:
Year Electoral Votes
1789 George Washington
John Adams
John Jay
R. H. Harrison
John Rutledge
John Hancock
George Clinton
Samuel Huntington
John Milton
James Armstrong
Benjamin Lincoln
Edward Telfair
(Votes Not Cast)
69
34
9
6
6
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
12
1792 George Washington
John Adams
George Clinton
Thomas Jefferson
Aaron Burr
132
77
50
4
1
1796 John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Pinckney
Aaron Burr
Samuel Adams
Oliver Ellsworth
George Clinton
John Jay
James Iredell
George Washington
John Henry
S. Johnston
Charles C. Pinckney
71
68
59
30
15
11
7
5
3
2
2
2
1
Vice President: John Adams (1789-97)
Cabinet:

Secretary of State
John Jay (1789-90)
Thomas Jefferson (1790-93)
Edmund Randolph (1794-95)
Timothy Pickering (1795-97)
Secretary of the Treasury
Alexander Hamilton (1789-95)
Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (1795-97)
Secretary of War
Henry Knox (1789-94)
Timothy Pickering (1795-96)
James McHenry (1796-97)
Attorney General
Edmund Randolph (1790-94)
William Bradford (1794-95)
Charles Lee (1795-97)

Notable Events:

Internet Biographies:

George Washington -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
George Washington -- from The American Presidency
Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by Curtis P. Nettels of Cornell University, along with suggestions for further reading.
George Washington -- from The American President
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other websites, and lesson plans.
George Washington -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
The Apotheosis of George Washington -- by Laura Dove, Lisa Guernsey, Scott Atkins and Adriana Rissetto
Very interesting examination of George Washington's elevation to divine status through history.
George Washington -- from The American Revolution Home Page
Well written biography by Dorothy Twohig.
A Biography of George Washington 1732-1799 -- from From Revolution to Reconstruction
Text copied from National Archives and Records Administration The Founding Fathers' Page as part of a larger hypertext on American history.
George Washington -- from the Mount Vernon Ladies Association
This detailed biography is designed as a teaching aide for students and teachers. The site contains a lesson plan, reading materials, background notes and suggested classroom activities.
George Washington -- from Politics & Political Campaigns
Encyclopedic entry that is very well presented and organized.
George Washington -- from Supercomputing '94
Tourist information for the 1994 Conference on High Performance Computing & Communications included this biography. Included is a list of some historically significant print biographies on Washington and Washington's own writings.
The Life of George Washington -- by David Ramsay
Published eight years after Washington's death, this volume covers Washington's life in thirteen chapters (only nine online so far). D.E. Vitale is the archivist in charge of this project.
The Surprising George Washington -- from the National Archives and Records Administration
Richard Norton Smith's article from the Quarterly of the National Archives (Spring 1994, vol. 26, no. 1) examines Washington's characteristics and his treatment as a historical figure. More than a typical biography. Also includes links to some images.
Historical Documents:
Papers of George Washington
This resource, collected by the University of Virginia and the Mount Vernon Ladies Association, contains historical context to some of the documents and letters written by Washington. Unfortunately, most of the text of these documents are not online.
Letter from Washington to John Hancock (1776)
First Inaugural Address (1789)
Second Inaugural Address (1793)
The Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)
Farewell Address (1796)
Other Internet Resources:
The Forgotten Presidents
Written by George Grant and excerpted from The Patriot's Handbook this site gives brief biographies of the fourteen men that served as president before ratification of the Constitution.
George Washington Memorial Parkway
This parkway preserves the scenery along the Potomac River, from Mount Vernon, through the nation's capital, to Great Falls on the Potomac. From the National Parks Service.
Moland House Park
"The Moland House - George Washington's headquarters on August 10, 1777, where the Marquis de Lafayette joined the American Revolution, the American Flag was said to have first flown over American troops here, and several other historic generals joined the American Revolution." Located in Warwick Township, Pennsylvania, the history and fight for preservation of this site are explained.
Mount Rushmore
Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, the faces of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln and Teddy Roosevelt stand 60 feet tall.
Mount Vernon
A complete guide to Washington's Virginia plantation.
Sulgrave Manor
The Sulgrave, England ancestral home of the Washington family. Family history and tour information available.
Valley Forge
The story of the revolutionary war encampment written by Joan Marshall-Dutcher, Historian (retired).
Washington Monument
Quick facts, history and a tour of this landmark from the National Park Service.
Washington's Birthplace
Tourist information about this 538 acre National Park can be found from the National Park Service.
Points of Interest: