3rd President of the United States
(March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1809)
Nicknames: "Man of the People"; "Sage of
Born: April 13, 1743, in Shadwell, Virginia
Died: July 4, 1826, at Monticello
(near Charlottesville, Virginia)
Father: Peter Jefferson
Mother: Jane Randolph Jefferson
Wayles Skelton (1748-1782), on January 1, 1772
Children: Martha Washington Jefferson (1772-1836); Jane
Randolph Jefferson (1774-75); infant son (1777); Mary Jefferson (1778-1804);
Lucy Elizabeth Jefferson (1780-81); Lucy Elizabeth Jefferson (1782-85)
Religion: No formal affiliation
Education: Graduated from College of William and Mary (1762)
Occupation: Lawyer, planter
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
- Member of Virginia House of Burgesses, 1769-74
- Member of Continental Congress, 1775-76
- Governor of Virginia, 1779-81
- Member of Continental Congress, 1783-85
- Minister to France, 1785-89
- Secretary of State, 1790-93 (under Washington)
- Vice President, 1797-1801 (under J.
Presidential Election Results:
Vice Presidents: Aaron
Burr (1801-05); George
- Secretary of State
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Samuel Dexter (1801)
- Secretary of War
- Attorney General
- Levi Lincoln (1801-04)
- John Breckinridge (1805-06)
- Caesar A. Rodney (1807-09)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Robert Smith (1801-09)
Territory was purchased from France for $15 million dollars. The price
works out to three cents per acre for the 512 million acres.
- Supreme Court ruled in Marbury v. Madison . Any law passed by
Congress can be declared unconstitutional by the courts.
12th Amendment changed Presidential election rules.
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark began exploration of the Northwest.
Vice President Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel July 11.
Congress outlaws importing slaves from Africa, March 2.
Embargo Act, December 22, forbids American ships to leave American waters.
Slave importation outlawed. Yet, another 1/4 million brought in by 1860.
Non-Intercourse Act, March 1, repeals the Embargo Act, which didn't work.
Internet Biographies:Compiled by the White House.
Jefferson -- from The
Grolier Online has created this
resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana.
Contains a full biography, written by Dumas Malone of the University of
Virginia and author of Jefferson and His Time, along with suggestions
for further reading.
Jefferson -- from The
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early
life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other
websites, and lesson plans.
Jefferson -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
Jefferson -- from From Revolution
Biography written by Harrie Scholte Albers for this American Revolution HTML
project. Still under construction, but does contain some original material.
Son of Virginia -- from Colonial
This article by Dennis Montgomery, and originally published in Colonial
Williamsburg Journal Vol. 15, No. 3 (Spring 1993) p. 14., addresses more
of the personal life of Jefferson, including excerpts from correspondences.
Jefferson -- from Politics
& Political Campaigns
Encyclopedic entry that is very well presented and organized.
-- from Supercomputing '94
Tourist information for the 1994 Conference on High Performance Computing
& Communications included this biography.
Jefferson -- from The
Presidents of the United States of America
Collection of some letters by Jefferson, Inaugural Addresses, State of the
Nation Addresses and more by The
Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
First Inaugural Address
Second Inaugural Address
View of the Rights of British America
Draft of the Declaration of Independence (1776)
the State of Virginia (1781)
A Bill for Establishing
Religious Freedom in Virginia (1785)
Jefferson on Separation
of Church and State (1802)
Message on the Burr Conspiracy (1807)
Message on Gun-Boats (1807)
on Slavery (1829)
Other Internet Resources:
The home of Thomas Jefferson. This site includes tour information, a day in
the life of Jefferson, quotations and other facts.
Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, the faces of Washington,
Roosevelt stand 60 feet tall.
Jefferson's Virginia retreat. Learn the history of the octagonal house and
the archaelogical discoveries on this 4800-acre plantation.
Inscriptions and quotations in the Thomas Jefferson Building of the Library
of Congress. Photographs and floor plans of this building of the Library of
Congress are included.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial
A virtual tour of this monument along with the history of its development
from the National Park Service.
on Politics & Government
Quotations fron the writings of Jefferson arranged in a convenient table of
contents. Also includes links to other Jefferson sites.
Jefferson's Academical Village: The Lawn at the University of Virginia
As founder of the University of Virginia,
Jefferson envisioned this Academical Village, but died before its completion.
This virtual tour shows off the history of the University.
Points of Interest:
of Independence, Adams
and Jefferson both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. Adams' dying
words were "Thomas Jefferson survives". Jefferson, however, had
passed on a few hours earlier.
- Jefferson was the first president to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
- Approximately 6,000 books from Jefferson's private library were purchased
for $23,950 to help start the Library of Congress.
- Bears brought back from Lewis and Clark's famous expedition were displayed
in cages on the White House lawn. For years the White House was sometimes
referred to as the "president's bear garden."
- The only presidents to sign the
Jefferson is credited with several inventions, including the swivel chair, a
pedometer, a machine to make fiber from hemp, a letter-copying machine, and
the lazy susan.
Jefferson wrote his own epitaph without mentioning that he served as
president of the United States.