Martin Van Buren
8th President of the United States
(March 4, 1837 to March 3, 1841)
Nicknames: "The Little Magician"; "The Red
Fox of Kinderhook"
Born: December 5, 1782, in Kinderhook,
Died: July 24, 1862, in Kinderhook,
Father: Abraham Van Buren
Mother: Maria Hoes Van Buren
Hoes (1783-1819), on February 21, 1807
Children: Abraham Van Buren (1807-73); John Van Buren
(1810-66); Martin Van Buren (1812-55); Smith Thompson Van Buren (1817-76)
Religion: Dutch Reformed
Education: Graduated from Kinderhook Academy (1796)
Political Party: Democratic
Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
- New York State Senator, 1813-15
- New York Attorney-General, 1815-19
- United States Senator, 1821-29
- Governor of New York, 1829
- Secretary of State, 1829-1831 (under Jackson)
- Minister to England, 1831
- Vice President, 1832-1837 (under Jackson)
Presidential Election Results:
Vice President: Richard
M. Johnson (1837-41)
- Secretary of State
- John Forsyth (1837-41)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Secretary of War
- Joel R. Poinsett (1837-41)
- Attorney General
- Benjamin F. Butler (1837-38)
- Felix Grundy (1838-39)
- Henry D. Gilpin (1840-41)
- Postmaster General
- John M. Niles (1840-41)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Mahlon Dickerson (1837-38)
- James K. Paulding (1838-41)
of 1837. The depression that followed would last throughout Van Buren's
- Banks closed in Philadelphia and New York City on May 10. This was the
beginning of the
Trail of Tears. Thousands of Indians forced from their homes and die.
Henry Harrison defeated Van Buren.
Internet Biographies:Compiled by the White House.
Buren -- from The
Grolier Online has created this
resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana.
Contains a full biography, written by James A. Beatson of New Mexico Highlands
University, along with suggestions for further reading.
Van Buren -- from The
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early
life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other
websites, and lesson plans.
Van Buren -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
Van Buren -- by Katie Jeffreys
Katie Jeffreys, an eleventh grader at The
North Shore Country Day School (Winnetka, Illinois), composed this
biography for an advanced placement U.S. History class.
Van Buren -- from The
Presidents of the United States of America
Other Internet Resources:
Van Buren National Historic Site
Home of Van Buren from 1839, in Kinderhook,
New York, which he named Lindenwald. Tourist information available.
Points of Interest:
- Van Buren was the first president born in the United States.
- His autobiography does not mention his wife once.
- Van Buren took $100,000, the sum of his salary as president over four
years, in a lump sum at the end of his term.
- The term "O.K." was popularized because of Van Buren. Van Buren
was from Kinderhook, New York, sometimes referred to as Old Kinderhook in
speeches and print. O.K. Clubs soon formed to support Van Buren's campaign.
"O.K." later came to mean all right.
- Van Buren made three unsuccessful bids for reelection.