James Abram Garfield

20th President of the United States
(March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881)

Nickname: None

Born: November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio
Died: September 19, 1881, in Elberon, New Jersey

Father: Abram Garfield
Mother: Eliza Ballou Garfield
Married: Lucretia Rudolph (1832-1918), on November 11, 1858
Children: Eliza A. Garfield (1860-63); Harry A. Garfield (1863-1942); James R. Garfield (1865-1950); Mary Garfield (1867-1947); Irvin M. Garfield (1870-1951); Abram Garfield (1872-1958); Edward Garfield (1874-76)

Religion: Disciples of Christ
Education: Attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College); Graduated from Williams College (1856)
Occupation: Teacher, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

Presidential Salary: $50,000/year

Presidential Election Results:
Year Popular Votes Electoral Votes
1880 James A. Garfield
Winfield S. Hancock
4,453,295
4,414,082
214
155
Vice President: Chester A. Arthur (1881)
Cabinet:

Secretary of State
James G. Blaine (1881)
Secretary of the Treasury
William Windom (1881)
Secretary of War
Robert Todd Lincoln (1881)
Attorney General
I. Wayne McVeagh (1881)
Postmaster General
Thomas L. James (1881)
Secretary of the Navy
William H. Hunt (1881)
Secretary of the Interior
Samuel J. Kirkwood (1881)

Notable Events:

Internet Biographies:

James A. Garfield -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
James A. Garfield -- from The American Presidency
Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by Harry James Brown and Frederick D. Williams of Michigan State University, along with suggestions for further reading.
James Garfield -- from The American President
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other websites, and lesson plans.
James Abram Garfield -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
James A. Garfield -- from Virtualology
Comprehensive biography. Author is unclear.
Historical Documents:
Inaugural Address (1881)
Other Internet Resources:
James A. Garfield National Historic Site
Lawnfield, the Mentor, Ohio home of Garfield also houses his presidential library. Tourist information provided by the National Park Service.
Points of Interest: