James Abram Garfield
20th President of the United States
(March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881)
Born: November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio
Died: September 19, 1881, in Elberon, New Jersey
Father: Abram Garfield
Mother: Eliza Ballou Garfield
Rudolph (1832-1918), on November 11, 1858
Children: Eliza A. Garfield (1860-63); Harry A. Garfield
(1863-1942); James R. Garfield (1865-1950); Mary Garfield (1867-1947); Irvin M.
Garfield (1870-1951); Abram Garfield (1872-1958); Edward Garfield (1874-76)
Religion: Disciples of Christ
Education: Attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now
Hiram College); Graduated from Williams College (1856)
Occupation: Teacher, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $50,000/year
- Member of Ohio State Senate, 1859-61
- Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1863-80
- Elected to United States Senate, 1880
Presidential Election Results:
Vice President: Chester
A. Arthur (1881)
- Secretary of State
- James G.
- Secretary of the Treasury
- William Windom
- Secretary of War
- Robert Todd
- Attorney General
- I. Wayne McVeagh (1881)
- Postmaster General
- Thomas L. James (1881)
- Secretary of the Navy
- William H. Hunt (1881)
- Secretary of the Interior
J. Kirkwood (1881)
Julius Guiteau. Garfield died of blood poisoning on September 19.
Internet Biographies:Compiled by the White House.
Garfield -- from The
Grolier Online has created this
resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana.
Contains a full biography, written by Harry James Brown and Frederick D.
Williams of Michigan State University, along with suggestions for further
Garfield -- from The
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early
life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other
websites, and lesson plans.
Abram Garfield -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
James A. Garfield -- from Virtualology
Comprehensive biography. Author is unclear.
A. Garfield -- from The
Presidents of the United States of America
Other Internet Resources:
James A. Garfield National Historic
Lawnfield, the Mentor, Ohio home of Garfield also houses his presidential
library. Tourist information provided by the National
Points of Interest:
Garfield's shooting, repeated probing for the bullet with non-sterile
instruments resulted in blood poisoning which eventually killed him.
- Garfield was the first left-handed president.
- James Garfield could write Latin with one hand and Greek with the other.
- The last of seven presidents born in a log cabin, Garfield weighed 10
pounds at birth.
- He was the first president to campaign in two languages -- English and
- On election day, November 2, 1880, he was at the same time a member of the
House, Senator-elect and President-elect.
- His mother was the first president's mother to attend her son's
- At the age of twenty-six, Garfield became president of Hiram College. At
the time the school only had five faculty memebers.