2nd President of the United States
(March 4, 1797 to March 3, 1801)
Nickname: "Atlas of Independence"
Born: October 30, 1735, in Braintree (now Quincy),
Died: July 4, 1826, in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
Father: John Adams
Mother: Susanna Boylston Adams
Smith (1744-1818), on October 25, 1764
Children: Abigail Amelia Adams (1765-1813); John
Quincy Adams (1767-1848); Susanna Adams (1768-70); Charles Adams
(1770-1800); Thomas Boylston Adams (1772-1832)
Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1755)
Political Party: Federalist
Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
- Member of Continental Congress, 1774-78
- Commissioner to France, 1778
- Minister to the Netherlands, 1780
- Minister to England, 1785
- Vice President, 1789-97 (under Washington)
Presidential Election Results:
Vice President: Thomas
- Secretary of State
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (1797-1801)
- Samuel Dexter (1801)
- Secretary of War
- Samuel Dexter (1800-01)
- Attorney General
- Charles Lee (1797-1801)
- Secretary of the Navy
- E Pluribus Unum: "Out of Many, One"; added to American coins. 1797
- Three anonymous French trouble makers brought France and the U.S. to the
brink of war in what became known as the XYZ
- Federalists support the highly unpopular Alien and Sedition Acts. They
would later be repealed.
- U.S. capital relocated to Washington, D.C. from Philadelphia.
- Congress established Library of Congress.
- John Adams
-- from The
Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
Adams -- from The
- Grolier Online has created this
resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana.
Contains a full biography, written by John A. Schultz of the University of
Southern California, along with suggestions for further reading.
Adams -- from The
- From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his
early life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links
to other websites, and lesson plans.
Adams -- from DiscoverySchool.com
- Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
of John Adams -- from From
Revolution to Reconstruction
- Biography written by Jim Liesenfelt for this American Revolution HTML
project. Still under construction, but does contain some original material.
Adams -- from Politics
& Political Campaigns
- Encyclopedic entry that is very well presented and organized.
Inaugural Address (1797)
Other Internet Resources:
Adams National Historical Site
The birthplace of John Adams and other notable Americans. From the National
John Adams Building
Inscriptions and quotations in the John Adams Building of the Library of
Congress. Photographs of this building of the Library of Congress are
Points of Interest:
- The Adams' were the first residents of the White House. They moved in in
November 1800 while the paint was still wet. Mrs. Adams would hang her
laundry in the East Room to dry.
- Adams was one of three presidents not to attend the inauguration of his
successor. Not only was Adams disappointed in losing to Jefferson,
he was also grieving the death of his son Charles.
- Adams was the great-great-grandson of John and Priscilla Alden, Pilgrims
who landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620.
- The only presidents to sign the Declaration
of Independence, Adams and Jefferson
both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. Adams' dying words were
"Thomas Jefferson survives". Jefferson, however, had passed on a
few hours earlier.
- Adams lived longer than any other president at his death. When he died he
was 90 years, 247 days old.