22nd and 24th President of the United States
(March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1889 and March 4, 1893 to March 3, 1897)
Born: March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey
Died: June 24, 1908, in Princeton, New Jersey
Father: Richard Falley Cleveland
Mother: Anne Neal Cleveland
Folsom (1864-1947), on June 2, 1886
Children: Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904); Esther Cleveland
(1893-1980); Marion Cleveland (1895-1977); Richard Folsom Cleveland (1897-1974);
Francis Grover Cleveland
Education: No formal education
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $50,000/year
- Sheriff of Erie County, NY, 1870-73
- Mayor of Buffalo, NY, 1882
- Governor of New York, 1883-85
Presidential Election Results:
Vice President: Thomas
A. Hendricks (1885-89); Adlai
E. Stevenson (1893-97)
- Secretary of State
F. Bayard (1885-89)
Q. Gresham (1893-95)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Daniel Manning
- Charles S.
G. Carlisle (1893-97)
- Secretary of War
C. Endicott (1885-89)
- Daniel S. Lamont (1893-97)
- Attorney General
H. Garland (1885-89)
- Postmaster General
F. Vilas (1885-88)
- Donald M. Dickinson (1888-89)
- Wilson S. Bissell (1893-95)
- William L. Wilson (1895-97)
- Secretary of the Navy
- William C. Whitney (1885-89)
- Hilary A. Herbert (1893-97)
- Secretary of the Interior
Q. C. Lamar (1885-88)
F. Vilas (1888-89)
- Hoke Smith
- David R. Francis
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Norman J. Colman
- Julius Sterling
Notable Events:Presidential Succession Act
ending Apache wars of New Mexico and Arizona
- New Chinese Exclusion Act
Internet Biographies:Compiled by the White House.
Cleveland -- from The
Grolier Online has created this
resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana.
Contains a full biography, written by Vincent P. De Santis of the University
of Notre Dame, along with suggestions for further reading.
Cleveland -- from The
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early
life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other
websites, and lesson plans.
Cleveland -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
Home Page -- by Josh Smith
Another Home Page devoted to Cleveland, this biography is divided into three
parts. Created by a 14-year-old from Santa Barbara, California, this site also
contains Cleveland's inaugural addresses and a timeline.
Cleveland's Obituary -- from Dead
The text from page 1 of The New York Times, June 25, 1908. Placed
on the web by Manus Hand.
Cleveland -- from The
Presidents of the United States of America
Second Inaugural Address
Message on Relations with the Nation of Hawaii (1893)
Grover Cleveland on the Philippine Problem (1904)
From the Vincent Voice
Library at Michigan State University under the leadership of Dr. Maurice
Other Internet Resources:
- First minute of his 1892 campaign speech. Begins with the music "Hail
to the Chief" (1:21)
Points of Interest:
D. Roosevelt, who served three terms.
- He was born Stephen Grover Cleveland.
- Cleveland is the only president to serve two nonconsecutive terms.
- Cleveland discovered a cancerous growth on the roof of his mouth in the
middle of the economic crisis of 1893. So that his illness would not cause a
greater panic, he and several doctors snuck aboard a pleasure boat and
removed the growth. The public thought he was on a fishing trip and never
knew the truth until 1917.
- While sheriff of Erie County, New York, Cleveland was also the public
executioner and personally hanged two murderers.
- Cleveland was the first executive movie star. In 1895, Alexander Black
came to Washington and asked Cleveland to appear in "A Capital
Courtship", his photoplay. He agreed to be filmed while signing a bill
into law. "A Captial Courtship" was a big hit on the Lyceum
- Since Cleveland was the sole supporter of his family during the Civil War,
he paid a substitute to take his place.
- Cleveland answered the White House phone, personally.
- Cleveland vetoed 414 bills in his first term, more than double the 204
vetoes cast be all previous presidents. Cleveland used his veto powers 584
times during his two terms. This is the highest total of any president
"Death and Destruction" was the name that Grover Cleveland gave to
his favorite hunting rifle.
He was the only president married in the White House.
The Baby Ruth candy bar was named after Cleveland's baby daughter, Ruth.
The only president's child born in the White House was Cleveland's daughter