Grover Cleveland

22nd and 24th President of the United States
(March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1889 and March 4, 1893 to March 3, 1897)

Nickname: None

Born: March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey
Died: June 24, 1908, in Princeton, New Jersey

Father: Richard Falley Cleveland
Mother: Anne Neal Cleveland
Married: Frances Folsom (1864-1947), on June 2, 1886
Children: Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904); Esther Cleveland (1893-1980); Marion Cleveland (1895-1977); Richard Folsom Cleveland (1897-1974); Francis Grover Cleveland (1903-1995)

Religion: Presbyterian
Education: No formal education
Occupation: Lawyer
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:

Presidential Salary: $50,000/year

Presidential Election Results:
Year Popular Votes Electoral Votes
1884 Grover Cleveland
James G. Blaine
1888 Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
1892 Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
James B. Weaver
Vice President: Thomas A. Hendricks (1885-89); Adlai E. Stevenson (1893-97)

Secretary of State
Thomas F. Bayard (1885-89)
Walter Q. Gresham (1893-95)
Richard Olney (1895-97)
Secretary of the Treasury
Daniel Manning (1885-87)
Charles S. Fairchild (1887-89)
John G. Carlisle (1893-97)
Secretary of War
William C. Endicott (1885-89)
Daniel S. Lamont (1893-97)
Attorney General
Augustus H. Garland (1885-89)
Richard Olney (1893-95)
Judson Harmon (1895-97)
Postmaster General
William F. Vilas (1885-88)
Donald M. Dickinson (1888-89)
Wilson S. Bissell (1893-95)
William L. Wilson (1895-97)
Secretary of the Navy
William C. Whitney (1885-89)
Hilary A. Herbert (1893-97)
Secretary of the Interior
Lucius Q. C. Lamar (1885-88)
William F. Vilas (1888-89)
Hoke Smith (1893-96)
David R. Francis (1896-97)
Secretary of Agriculture
Norman J. Colman (1889)
Julius Sterling Morton (1893-97)

Notable Events:

Internet Biographies:

Grover Cleveland -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Grover Cleveland -- from The American Presidency
Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by Vincent P. De Santis of the University of Notre Dame, along with suggestions for further reading.
Grover Cleveland -- from The American President
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other websites, and lesson plans.
Grover Cleveland -- from
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
Grover Cleveland Home Page -- by Josh Smith
Another Home Page devoted to Cleveland, this biography is divided into three parts. Created by a 14-year-old from Santa Barbara, California, this site also contains Cleveland's inaugural addresses and a timeline.
Grover Cleveland's Obituary -- from Dead Presidents
The text from page 1 of The New York Times, June 25, 1908. Placed on the web by Manus Hand.
Historical Documents:
First Inaugural Address (1885)
Second Inaugural Address (1893)
President Cleveland's Message on Relations with the Nation of Hawaii (1893)
Ex-President Grover Cleveland on the Philippine Problem (1904)
Media Resources:
First minute of his 1892 campaign speech. Begins with the music "Hail to the Chief" (1:21)
From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University under the leadership of Dr. Maurice Crane.
Other Internet Resources:
Points of Interest: