7th President of the United States
(March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1837)
Nickname: "Old Hickory"
Born: March 15, 1767, in Waxhaw, South Carolina
Died: June 8, 1845, at the Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee
Father: Andrew Jackson
Mother: Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson
Donelson Robards (1767-1828), in August 1791 and in a second ceremony on
January 17, 1794
Children: Andrew Jackson, Jr. (adopted)
Education: No formal education
Occupation: Lawyer, soldier
Political Party: Democratic
Other Government Positions:
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
- Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1796-97
- United States Senator, 1797-98
- Justice on Tennessee Supreme Court, 1798-1804
- Governor of the Florida Territory, 1821
- United States Senator, 1823-25
Presidential Election Results:
Vice Presidents: John
C. Calhoun (1829-1832); Martin
Van Buren (1832-1837)
W. H. Crawford
(Votes Not Cast)
- Secretary of State
Van Buren (1829-31)
- Edward Livingston (1831-33)
- Louis McLane (1833-34)
- John Forsyth (1834-37)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Samuel D. Ingham (1829-31)
- Louis McLane (1831-33)
- William J. Duane (1833)
- Roger B. Taney (1833-34)
- Secretary of War
- John H. Eaton (1829-31)
- Attorney General
- John M. Berrien (1829-31)
- Roger B. Taney (1831-33)
- Benjamin F. Butler (1833-37)
- Postmaster General
- William T. Barry (1829-35)
- Secretary of the Navy
- John Branch (1829-31)
- Mahlon Dickerson (1834-37)
federal tariff laws. Federal troops sent to South Carolina on December 10.
- Estate of James Smithson funded the establishment of the Smithsonian.
- About 2,000 of Jackson's supporters given government jobs. Jackson also
set up a "kitchen cabinet" of informal advisers.
- Samuel F. Smith wrote "My Country, 'tis of Thee."
- Jackson reelected.
- Jackson vetoed the rechartering of 2nd Bank leading to the creation of the
- South Carolina attempted to
U.S. became debt free (briefly) for the only time in history.
6000 Mexicans defeated 190 Americans in 12 days at the Alamo on March 6.
The Specie Circular ordered that gold and silver were the only currency
acceptable for the purchase of federal lands, issued on July 11.
Internet Biographies:Compiled by the White House.
Jackson -- from The
Grolier Online has created this
resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana.
Contains a full biography, written by Joseph G. Tregle, Jr. of Louisiana State
University in New Orleans, along with suggestions for further reading.
Jackson -- from The
From the PBS series The American President, this biography covers his early
life, his presidency, and his legacy. Also includes quotations, links to other
websites, and lesson plans.
Jackson -- from DiscoverySchool.com
Complete biography powered by World Book Online.
Biography of Andrew Jackson, 1767 - 1845 -- from From
Revolution to Reconstruction
This not-so-brief biography was written by Hal Morris for the American
Revolution HTML project. This original material goes into detail about his
triumphs and controversies.
Jackson -- from the North
A very text-rich biography on this North Carolina native.
Jackson -- from The
Presidents of the United States of America
Second Inaugural Address
Other Internet Resources:
Jackson State Park
This memorial to Jackson, located on 360-acres in Lancaster, South Carolina,
includes a museum, campgrounds and resources for other outdoor activities.
The home of Andrew Jackson. A brief description, history, archaelogical
plans and tourist information.
Points of Interest:
on May 30, 1806 against Charles Dickinson was over some unflattering remarks
made about Jackson's wife. In this duel Jackson was wounded. After he was hit,
he took aim and fired at Dickinson. Jackson's gun misfired. As Dickinson was
forced to stand his ground, Jackson took aim once again and killed Dickinson.
The bullet that wounded Jackson was lodged near his heart and could not be
safely removed. He carried that bullet in his chest for the rest of his days.
- Jackson was the only president who served in both the Revolutionary War
and the War of 1812.
- Jackson was the only president to have been a prisoner of war. He was
thirteen when he joined the South Carolina militia to fight in the
Revolutionary War. After his capture, he was ordered to clean the boots of a
British officer. Jackson refused. The officer then drew his sword and
slashed Jackson across the forehead, leaving a scar.
- Jackson was the first president born in a log cabin.
- Jackson was involved in many duels. A
Jackson was the first president to ride on a railroad train.